Erfan Hospital, private specialty and subspecialty hospital, opened in 2007, in which advanced health, treatment, and medical services based on human values and dignity are being provided. This center equipped with180 active beds (one-bed and two-bedrooms) and the care units. This 9-story hospital is built in an area of 4480 square meters with 20,000 square meters of constructed area. Erfan is one of the well-equipped hospitals in Iran, founded in accordance with the latest hospital standards, and designed and constructed as a general hospital, benefit from best-equipped operation rooms for all specialty and subspecialty fields. The presence of prominent experts, experienced doctors, and committed personnel has made this center one of the best private hospitals in Iran in the hearts and minds of the patients.
How this Procedure is Done
The pre-operative education and research is a very critical stage that patients should go through to make sure that their health-related problems will be solved. By consulting with knowledgeable and experienced surgeons, you will be given the chance to express your expectations and goals as well. They will understand your concerns and propose a satisfactory solution afterwards.
Considering the significance of all the stages that patients should pass through for tackling their health-related problems, Iranian experts are highly recommended since they are the ones you can easily trust to ask any question you have. They have extensive knowledge and invaluable experience specially in surgical treatments like angiography. They carry out many operations successfully every year and can help you meet your needs. They will choose the most suitable procedure to address the problems you are dealing with, inform you of the whole operation, ensure a safe surgery, and clarify the healing process. Moreover, they will review your diet history to modify the eating habits you have had so far with the help of a skillful dietitian and determine the level of routine exercise you should have later on to maintain your health.
It’s important to note that if you decide to get these surgical treatments in Iran’s specialized clinics, you will be offered the most up-to-date services with a low cost. Thus, you can save considerable amount of money while traveling to this beautiful country for resolving all the issues related to your health.
What is Angiography (Angiogram)?
A coronary angiogram is a medical procedure that uses X-ray imaging to see your heart's blood vessels. This test is mostly done to check if there's a restriction in blood flow going to the heart. Angiograms are part of a group of surgeries known as cardiac catheterizations which can diagnose, assess, and treat heart and blood vessel conditions. A coronary angiogram, mainly used for diagnosing heart-related problems, is the most frequent type of cardiac catheterization procedure.
Angiograms provide high-definition 3-D images of the arteries feeding the heart and blockages at the earliest stages. In this case, they can be easily treated in the most effective way. In addition, they are extremely accurate and noninvasive tests for diagnosing heart-related issues.
It’s important to note that angiograms measure both calcified and noncalcified plaques. Noncalcified plaques are more prone to rupture and may cause heart attacks compared to calcified plaques. Moreover, it can evaluate the efficiency of therapy because noncalcified plaques may shrink with effective treatment. By monitoring the condition of both types of plaque, coronary angiogram analyzes the potential risk for a heart attack.
Who Can Benefit From Angiography?
Your physician may recommend that you have a coronary angiogram if you have:
- Symptoms of coronary artery disease like chest pain
- Pain in your chest, jaw, neck or arm that can't be minimized by other tests
- A congenital heart disease with which you were born
- Abnormal results on a heart stress test
- Other heart-related issues, blood vessel problems such as blockages, or a chest injury
Angiograms are always carried out in the catheterization lab of a hospital. Before the procedure starts, your health care team reviews your medical history and asks you about the allergies and medications you take. The team may also do a physical exam and check your vital signs such as blood pressure and pulse.
Conducting angiogram usually takes about an hour. However, it might be longer specially if combined with other cardiac catheterization surgeries. Undoubtedly, preparation and post-procedure care add more time to the whole process. In the very beginning, you are asked to lie on your back on an X-ray table. Since the table might be tilted during the procedure, safety straps will be probably fastened across your chest and legs. X-ray cameras move around your head and chest to take pictures from various angles.
An IV line will be inserted into a vein in your arm. Your doctor may suggest a sedative or some medications and fluids through the IV to help you feel comfortable. You usually become very sleepy but you will be able to be easily awakened to follow the instructions. Electrodes on your chest can closely monitor your heart throughout the process. A blood pressure cuff also tracks your blood pressure and another device, called a pulse oximeter, measures the amount of oxygen in your blood. A small incision is made at the entry site. Then, a catheter is inserted into your artery and carefully threaded to your heart. Afterwards, your physician will inject dye (contrast material) which is easy to see on X-ray images through the catheter. As it moves in the blood vessels, your doctor can observe its flow and identify any blockages or constricted areas. Depending on the discoveries during angiogram, you may need to have more catheter procedures like a balloon angioplasty or a stent placement simultaneously to open up a narrowed artery.
When the procedure is completely performed, your physician removes the catheter from your arm or groin and closes the incision with a clamp or a small plug.
After an angiogram, you are usually allowed to go home the same day. Nonetheless, sometimes you are recommended to stay in hospital overnight. You need to drink plenty of fluids to help flush the dye from your body. In case of hunger, you can eat some food only if your doctor approves it. Your health care team will inform you of the time when you can continue taking certain medications, showering, working, and doing other daily activities. It’s better to ask someone to take care of you for a day because the more you rest, the better you will feel. Keep in mind that doing strenuous exercises and heavy lifting are forbidden for at least several days. Your puncture site will possibly remain tender for some days. It might be a bit bruised and have a small bump. There is no need to worry about it since the swelling fades away after a while.
Doctors can use an angiogram for various reasons. Some of the main ones are mentioned below:
- It shows doctors what's wrong with your blood vessels and how many of your coronary arteries are blocked or narrowed by fatty plaques
- It identifies where blockages are located in your blood vessels precisely
- It demonstrates how much blood flow is blocked through your blood vessels
- It checks the results of previous coronary bypass surgery and the blood flow through your heart and blood vessels
Knowing this information is highly beneficial for doctors since it helps them determine what kind of treatment is the most suitable one for tackling your heart-related problems. It also shows how much danger your heart condition poses to your health. Considering the angiography results, your doctor might decide, for instance, that you need to have coronary angioplasty to clear clogged arteries. To achieve the favorable results, doctors may prefer conducting angioplasty or stenting during the procedure to avoid needing another angiogram.